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Jacob Charles Drace

JACOB CHARLES DRACE was born October 17, 1838 in Jefferson County, Tennessee and died August 2, 1894 in Ohio County, Kentucky where he is buried at New Bethel Methodist Church Cemetery. He married MILDRED HERNDON in Kentucky before 1868. He was a private in Company A 26th Kentucky Infantry enlisting October 14, 1861 and on his pension said that he had lived in Mclean and Daviess Counties since being discharged from service. He was under the command of Colonel Burbridge. He was described as a farmer who stood 5' 7" with a light complection, blue eyes, and auburn hair. His wife Mildred Herndon's brother John was also in this unit and it is possibly how he met his wife. Jacob is the father of Charles RIchard Drace who married Eva Mildred Smith. Their daughter is Lorene Drace who married Samuel Jacob McClure. Their daughter is Edna McClure Latham, my husbands mother. On April 7, 1862 Jacob was shot in the thigh at the Battle of Shiloh and sent by boat to Saint Louis and then furloughed home from May 1862 to June 1862. From July 1862 to August 1862 he returned to service and was on bridge duty. On September 1862 he was taken prisioner of war and held at Camp Chase, Ohio. On January 17, 1864 Jacob re-enlisted with the same unit as a Veteran Volunteer at Camp Nelson, Kentucky. He is discharged in Salisbury, North Carolina after his unit receives a telegraph that the war had ended. In his pension application he states that he has disease of the spine. He said the cause is that before the war a log fell and hit his shoulder which did not disable him at the time but as he gets older it grows worse.

 

26th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Owensboro, Ky., July to November, 1861, and mustered in at Nashville, Tenn., March 5, 1862. Attached to 14th Brigade, Army of Ohio, November, 1861, to December, 1861. 14th Brigade, 5th Division, Army of Ohio, to September, 1862. 14th Brigade, 5th Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Ohio, to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Left Wing 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, November, 1862. District of Western Kentucky, Dept. of Ohio, to June, 1863. Unattached, 2nd Division, 23rd Army Corps, Army of Ohio, to August, 1863. Unattached, Bowling Green, Ky., 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, to October, 1863. District of Southwest Kentucky, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Kentucky, 5th Division, 23rd Army Corps, to December, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 23rd Army Corps, Army of Ohio, to February, 1865, and Dept. of North Carolina to July, 1865.

SERVICE.--Action at Woodbury, Ky., October 29, 1861. Morgantown, Ky., October 31, 1861. Moved from Owensboro to Calhoun, Ky., November, 1861, and duty there until February, 1862. Action at Whippoorwill Creek, Ky., December 1, 1861. Moved to South Carrollton, thence to Calhoun, Owensboro and Nashville, Tenn., February, 1862. March to Savannah, Tenn., March 17-April 6. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Buell's Campaign in Northern Alabama and Middle Tennessee June to August. March to Nashville, Tenn., thence to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 21-September 26. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-22. Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8. Nelson's Cross Roads October 18. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 22-November 7. Ordered to Bowling Green, Ky., November 22, and duty there until January, 1864. Action at Woodbury, Ky., July 5, 1863. Regiment veteranize at Camp Nelson, Ky., January, 1861, and on furlough until March. Duty at Bowling Green, Ky. Mounted and engaged in post duty and scouting from Bowling Green to the Ohio River, and from western part of State to Lexington until December, 1864. Burbridge's Expedition into Southwest Virginia September 20-October 17. Saltsville, Va., October 2. At Bowling Green until December. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., December 7. Battle of Nashville, Tenn., December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. At Clifton, Tenn., until January 15, 1865. Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Fort Fisher, N. C., January 15-February 12. Fort Anderson February 18-19. Town Creek February 20. Capture of Wilmington February 22. Campaign of the Carolinas March 1-April 26. Advance on Goldsboro March 6-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 21, Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. Duty at Saulsbury, N. C., until July. Ordered to Louisville, Ky. Mustered out July 10, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 27 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 142 Enlisted men by disease. Total 173.

 

Shiloh-April 6-7, 1862

Description: As a result of the fall of Forts Henry and Donelson, Confederate Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, the commander in the area, was forced to fall back, giving up Kentucky and much of West and Middle Tennessee. He chose Corinth, Mississippi, a major transportation center, as the staging area for an offensive against Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and his Army of the Tennessee before the Army of the Ohio, under Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell, could join it. The Confederate retrenchment was a surprise, although a pleasant one, to the Union forces, and it took Grant, with about 40,000 men, some time to mount a southern offensive, along the Tennessee River, toward Pittsburg Landing. Grant received orders to await Buell’s Army of the Ohio at Pittsburg Landing. Grant did not choose to fortify his position; rather, he set about drilling his men many of which were raw recruits. Johnston originally planned to attack Grant on April 4, but delays postponed it until the 6th. Attacking the Union troops on the morning of the 6th, the Confederates surprised them, routing many. Some Federals made determined stands and by afternoon, they had established a battle line at the sunken road, known as the “Hornets Nest.” Repeated Rebel attacks failed to carry the Hornets Nest, but massed artillery helped to turn the tide as Confederates surrounded the Union troops and captured, killed, or wounded most.  Johnston had been mortally wounded earlier and his second in command, Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard, took over. The Union troops established another line covering Pittsburg Landing, anchored with artillery and augmented by Buell’s men who began to arrive and take up positions. Fighting continued until after dark, but the Federals  held. By the next morning, the combined Federal forces numbered about 40,000, outnumbering Beauregard’s army of less than 30,000. Beauregard was unaware of the arrival of Buell’s army and launched a counterattack in response to a two-mile advance by William Nelson’s division of Buell’s army at 6:00 am, which was, at first, successful. Union troops stiffened and began forcing the Confederates back. Beauregard ordered a counterattack, which stopped the Union advance but did not break its battle line. At this point, Beauregard realized that he could not win and, having suffered too many casualties, he retired from the field and headed back to Corinth. On the 8th, Grant sent Brig. Gen. William T. Sherman, with two brigades, and Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Wood, with his division, in pursuit of Beauregard. They ran into the Rebel rearguard, commanded by Col. Nathan Bedford Forrest, at Fallen Timbers. Forrest’s aggressive tactics, although eventually contained, influenced the Union troops to return to Pittsburg Landing. Grant’s mastery of the Confederate forces continued; he had beaten them once again. The Confederates continued to fall back until launching their mid-August offensive. Estimated Casualties: 23,746 total (US 13,047; CS 10,699) Result(s): Union victory

 

Nashville-December 15-16, 1864

Description: In a last desperate attempt to force Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s army out of Georgia, Gen. John Bell Hood led the Army of Tennessee north toward Nashville in November 1864.  Although he suffered  terrible losses at Franklin on November 30, he continued toward Nashville. By the next day, the various elements of Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas’s army had reached Nashville. Hood reached the outskirts of Nashville on December 2, occupied positions on a line of hills parallel to those of the Union and began erecting fieldworks. Union Army Engineer, Brig. Gen. James St. Clair Morton, had overseen the construction of sophisticated fortifications at Nashville in 1862-63, strengthened by others, which would soon see use. From the 1st through the 14th, Thomas made preparations for the Battle of Nashville in which he intended to destroy Hood’s army. On the night of December 14, Thomas informed Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck, acting as Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s chief of staff, that he would attack the next day. Thomas planned to strike both of Hood’s flanks. Before daylight on the 15th, the first of the Union troops, led by Maj. Gen. James Steedman, set out to hit the Confederate right. The attack was made and the Union forces held down one Rebel corps there for the rest of the day. Attack on the Confederate left did not begin until after noon when a charge commenced on Montgomery Hill. With this classic charge’s success, attacks on other parts of the Confederate left commenced, all eventually successful. By this time it was dark and fighting stopped for the day. Although battered and with a much smaller battle line, Gen. Hood was still confident. He established a main line of resistance along the base of a ridge about two miles south of the former location, throwing up new works and fortifying Shy’s and Overton’s hills on their flanks. The IV Army Corps marched out to within 250 yards, in some places, of the Confederate’s new line and began constructing fieldworks. During the rest of the morning, other Union troops moved out toward the new Confederate line and took up positions opposite it. The Union attack began against Hood’s strong right flank on Overton’s Hill. The same brigade that had taken Montgomery Hill the day before received the nod for the charge up Overton’s Hill. This charge, although gallantly conducted, failed, but other troops (Maj. Gen. A.J. Smith’s  “Israelites” ) successfully assaulted Shy’s Hill in their fronts. Seeing the success along the line, other Union troops charged up Overton’s Hill and took it. Hood’s army fled. Thomas had left one escape route open but the Union army set off in pursuit. For ten days, the pursuit continued until the beaten and battered Army of Tennessee recrossed the Tennessee River. Hood’s army was stalled at Columbia, beaten at Franklin, and routed at Nashville. Hood retreated to Tupelo and resigned his command. Estimated Casualties: 88 total (US 23; CS 65) Result(s): Union victory

 

The conditions at Camp Chase were horrible as with an prison camp. Rations were at the lowest minimum possible to sustain life. The weak were first to die and then the ones who contracted disease. Only the strong could endure the hardships. The prisioners barricks was about 24 by 24 feet and held 24 men. Each had one suit of clothes and a board to sleep on with one blanket. Sometimes in the winter the temperature would be about 15 below zero in the barricks. Many died of the cold.

Here is a time-line of Jacob Charles Drace. 10-14-1861 He enlisted for three years in Company A, 26th Kentucky Infantry for the Union. His future brother-in-law John Herndon also enlisted in this unit which is probably how Jacob met his wife Mildred which was in Livermore in Mclean County. 4-7-1862 Jacob was shot in the thigh at the Battle of Shiloh and sent to the hospital by boat to Saint Louis, Missouri. He was furloughed home from May through June of 1862. 7-1862 through 8-1862 Jacob returned to duty and was on bridge detail. 9-1862 Jacob was a prisioner of war at Camp Chase, Ohio. 1-27-1864 He re-enlisted with the same unit as a veteran volunteer in Camp Nelson, Kentucky. 7-10-1865 Civil War ends and Jacob is discharged in Salisbury, North Carolina after the unit receives a telegraph from the war department. 10-11-1893 In Jacob's general pension he states that he has disease of the spine and that before the war he fell with a log of wood on his shoulder and hurt his back. It did not disable him then but as he grew older the disability grew worse. 8-3-1894 Jacob died at Pleasant Ridge and is buried at New Bethel Methodist Church Cemetery where he and his wife Mildred were members and had raised their family.

Cottage at Camp Chase