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These Ancestors had service out of Virginia in the French and Indian War. The War broke out in 1754 and ended with the Peace of Paris in 1763.

Thomas Estes, according to Virginia Spotsylvania County Colonial Militia Deed Book 1722-1800 on page 518 was ensign to Captain Fauntleroy (5th regiment of foot), commission dated July 21, 1755. He was also commissioned to be Captain of a company of foot in Virginia on the date of March 11, 1757. The French and Indian Wars broke out in 1754. Men were sent to the frontier to fight. The war ended with the Peace of Paris in 1763. SPOTSYLVANIA COUNTY 1721-1800...COLONIAL MILITIA DEED BOOK A 518

George Muse, George Muse is the father of Caroline Muse. Caroline Muse and William Gregory are the parents of Caroline Elizabeth Gregory. Caroline Elizabeth Gregory married Burrell B. Herndon and are the parents of Mildred Herndon. Mildred Herndon and Jacob Charles Drace are the parents of Charles Richard Drace. Charles Richard Drace and Eva Mae Smith are the parents of Mildred Lorene Drace. Mildred Lorene Drace and Samuel Jacob McClure are the parents of Edna Lee McClure Latham.

According to the Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Volume II, George Muse had served in the Carthagena expedition, in the Virginia regiment commanded by Colonel Spotswood, under Admiral Vernon. He returned to Virginia, and it is said that at one time he instructed George Washington in military tactics. He was made one of the four adjutant majors of the provincial militia. In the spring of 1754 Governor Dinwiddie appointed him major of the Virginia regiment, and he was promoted to lieutenant-colonel June 4, to succeed Colonel Joshua Fry, deceased. He joined Washington, but for some reason his name was omitted from the list of officers who received the thanks of the house of burgesses for good conduct in the battle of Great Meadows. He received, however, a land grant, but the small quantity allotted him (thirty-five hundred acres) moved him to address a rude protest to Washington, who answered, "as he is not very agreeable to the other officers, I am well pleased at his resignation."

According to History of West Virginia and the People, Soldiers' Lands, a claimant was Colonel George Muse. His claim was admitted with difficulty, for he was charged with cowardice, and Washington was not very enthusiastic in supporting him. However, the claim was allowed, but Colonel Muse was dis-satisfied with what he got, and wrote a letter to Washington about it. The letter has been lost, but Washington's reply has been preserved in Irving's Life of Washington, and is worth reproducing as an example of severity which the Father of his Country could exhibit under provocation. "Sir," writes Washington:

"Your impertinent letter was delivered to me yesterday. As I am not accustomed to receive such from any man, nor would have taken the same language from you personally, without letting you feel some mark of my resentment, I advise you to be cautious in writing me a second of the same tenor; for, though I understand that you were drunk when you did it, yet give me leave to tell you that drunkeness is no excuse for rudeness. But for your stupidity, and sottishness, you might have known, by attending to the public gazette, that you had your full quantity of ten thousand acres of land allowed you: that is 9,730 acres in the great tract and the remainder in the small tract. "But suppose you had fallen short, do you think your superlative merit entitles you to greater indulgence than others? Or, if it did, that I was to make it good to you, when it was at the option of the governor and council to allow but five hundred acres in the whole, if they had been so inclined? If either of these should happen to be your opinion, I am very well convinced that you will be singular in it; and all my concern is that I ever engaged myself in behalf of so ungrateful and dirty a fellow as you are.

Another letter from Washington.


This letter concerns the patent of bounty lands in the Ohio country given to the officers of the first Virginia Regiment under the provisions of Virginia governor Robert Dinwiddie's Proclamation of 1754. The lieutenant colonel of the regiment, George Muse, second in command after Washington, had been accused by his fellow officers of acting cowardly during the regiment's engagement with the French and Indian forces at Fort Necessity in July 1754. Although Muse resigned his commission soon afterwards, the Virginia council nevertheless determined that he was still entitled to receive his share of the bounty--totaling 15,000 acres. When after the passage of nearly twenty years the acreage was finally apportioned Muse apparently concluded that he had been shortchanged and somehow cast the blame on his former commander. An indiscreet letter on the subject written while intoxicated roused Washington's ire and elicited one of the most blatant displays of his notorious temper.

To Colonel George Muse

Sir, Your impertinent letter of the 24th ultimo, was delivered to me yesterday by Mr. Smith-As I am not accustomed to receive such from any man, nor would have taken the same language from you personally, without letting you feel some marks of my resentment; I would advise you to be cautious in writing me a second of the same tenor; for though I understand you were drunk when you did it, yet give me leave to tell you, that drunkenness is no excuse for rudeness; and that, but for your stupidity and sottishness you might have known, by attending to the public gazettes, (particularly Rinds of the 14th of January last) that you had your full quantity of ten thousand acres of land allowed you; that is, 9073 acres in the great tract of 51,302 acres, and the remainder in the small tract of 927 acres; whilst I wanted near 500 acres of my quantity, Doctor Craik 300 of his, and almost every other claimant little or much of theirs. But suppose you had really fallen short 73 acres of your 10,000, do you think your superlative merit entitles you to greater indulgences than others? or that I was to make it good to you, if it did? when it was at the option of the Governor and Council to have allowed you but 500 acres in the whole, if they had been inclined so to do. If either of these should happen to by your opinion, I am very well convinced you will stand singular in it; and all my concerns is, that I ever engaged in behalf of so ungrateful and dirty a fellow as you are. But you may still stand in need of my assistance, as I can inform you that your affairs, in respect to these lands, do not stand upon so solid a basis as you may imagine, and this you may take by way of hint; as your coming in for any, much less a full share may still be a disputed point, by a gentleman who is not in this country at this time, and who is exceedingly dissatisfied therewith. I wrote to you a few days ago concerning the other distribution, proposing an easy method of dividing our lands; but since I find in what temper you are, I am sorry I took the trouble of mentioning the land, or your name in a letter, as I do not think you merit the least assistance from G. Washington Mount Vernon 29th. January 1774.

Virginia's Role: The French & Indian War was a fight between the French and the English over land that they both wanted to claim. The colonists had started expanding west to the Mississippi River. The French also wanted that land. The Indians helped the French because the French helped them by trading furs and other things the Indians needed. Governor Dinwiddie sent Virginian George Washington and his militia to build a fort near the Ohio River. They named it Fort Necessity. Fort Necessity was built near the French Fort Duquesne. The British took over Fort Duquesne and then more French soldiers came and took it back. That was the start of the French and Indian War. The English king sent General Edward Braddock to lead 1,000 soldiers into battle. His army wore bright red coats and marched in straight lines. The route that General Braddock's troops took to the western frontier is now a major road in Fairfax County, named Braddock Road. Oak View is located just off Braddock Road, which was named for General Braddock. George Washington learned how to be a good general from General Braddock. It took 10 years, but the British finally won in 1763. Virginians helped in the French & Indian War by contributing men like George Washington to fight. Virginia's women went to the battlefields to cook, to help the wounded soldiers and to clean and mend their clothes.

Fort Necessity:George Washington arrived at the Great Meadows, as the Fort Necessity area was than called, on May 24, 1754. Although the meadow was nearly all marsh, he believed it "a charming field for an encounter" and ordered his men to set up an encampment. Three days later, after hearing that a group of French soldiers had been spotted about seven miles away on Chestnut Ridge, Washington and 40 men set out to find them. At dawn on May 28, the Virginians reached the camp of Tanacharison, a friendly Seneca chief known as the Half King. His scouts then led them to the ravine about two miles to the north where the French were encamped. The French, commanded by Joseph Coulon de Villiers, Sieur de Jumonville, were taken by surprise. Ten were killed, including Jumonville, one was wounded, and 21 were made prisoner. One man escaped to carry the news back to Fort Duquesne. Washington's command suffered only one man killed and two wounded. Fearing "we might be attacked by considerable forces," Washington undertook to fortify his position at the Great Meadows. During the last two days of May and the first three days of June, he built a circular palisaded fort, which he called Fort Necessity. The rest of the Virginia regiment arrived at the Great Meadows on June 9, along with supplies and nine swivel guns. Washington's command now totaled 293 officers and men. He was reinforce several days later by about 100 men of Capt. James Mackay's independent Company of regular British troops from South Carolina. Washington's attempts to retain his Indian allies were not successful. While the South Carolinians remained at the Great Meadows. Washington and his Virginians spent most of June opening a road from Fort Necessity to Gist's Plantation, a frontier settlement in the direction of the forks of the Ohio. Reports that a large force of French and Indians was advancing from Fort Duquesne, however, caused him to withdraw his men to the Great Meadows, where they arrived July 1. The next day, they strengthened Fort Necessity by improving the trenches outside the stockade. On the morning of July 3, a force of about 600 French and 100 Indians approached the fort. After the French took up positions in the woods, Washington withdrew his men to the entrenchments. Rain fell throughout the day, flooding the marshy ground. Both sides suffered casualties, but the British losses were greater than French and Indian losses. The fighting continued sporadically until about 8 p.m. Then Captain Louis Coulon de Villiers, commander of the French force and brother of Jumonville, requested a truce to discuss the surrender of Washington's command. Near midnight, after several hours of negotiation, the terms were reduced to writing and signed by Washington and Mackay. The British were allowed to withdraw with the honors of war, retaining their baggage and weapons, but having to surrender their swivel guns. The British troops left Fort Necessity for Wills Creek on the morning of July 4, From there they marched back to Virginia. The French burned Fort Necessity and afterwards returned to Fort Duquesne.


1754: the opening year of the French and Indian War. In January, Major Washington returned to Williamsburg from his winter trip to deliver Governor Dinwiddie's letter to the French that demanded they vacate English territory. In the spring William Trent and Ensign Ward were ordered to the Forks of the Ohio River to begin building a fort. Before they could progress very far, a larger force of French soldiers appeared and demanded that the English leave. The English had no choice but to retreat back to Wills Creek. By the time they arrived at Wills Creek, Major Washington was preparing to bring more men and supplies to support them. On April 25, 1754, Washington wrote to Governor Dinwiddie that Ensign Ward had arrived at Wills Creek with the news the French had ousted the Virginians from the Forks of the Ohio and were beginning to build a formidable fortification there. Hoping to regain the strategic river junction from the French, Washington began to march for the Forks. On the morning of May 28th, he attacked a force of about 30 French soldiers who had been following Washington's movements for several days. Just before sunrise, Washington's force killed Ensign Coulon de Jumonville, and nine soldiers and captured 21 prisoners. One French soldier escaped to take the news to Ft. Duquesne. The French response was swift and powerful. Washington retreated to his hastily erected Fort Necessity and awaited both reinforcements and a French attack. About 300 men arrived to reinforce the Virginians, but the French were sending a force of 600 well provisioned regulars and 100 Indians. When the French attacked on July 3rd, Col. Washington had only 284 men fit for duty. By evening, in a pouring rain, with a third of his men dead or wounded, it was clear that the English position was untenable. The French offered terms and Colonel Washington surrendered. The French were now, for a time, masters of the Ohio country.

January, 1755: The 44th and 48th Regiment of Foote set sail from England for America.

February 23, 1755: General Braddock arrives in Williamsburg as commander of British forces in North America and leader of two newly arrived Regiments of British regular soldiers sent from England.

April, 1755: General Braddock starts for Wills Creek, the Ohio Company's store house that will become Fort Cumberland. This fort is the farthest west English outpost before the wilderness of the northwest territory and the Ohio country.

July 9, 1755: General Braddock is defeated at the Battle of the Monongahela. He loses 63 of his 86 officers and two-thirds of his men. George Washington and his Virginia soldiers are praised for enabling the retreat of the survivors.

August 14, 1755: Governor Dinwiddie commissions George Washington a Colonel and commander of the Virginia Regiment.

September 8, 1755: English defeat at The Bloody Morning Scout on Lake George by Baron Dieskau.

September 1755: Dieskau defeated and captured by William Johnson at the Battle of Lake George.

January 10, 1756: Colonel Washington writes to Commissary Thomas Walker that "There are three thousand weight of pork laid in at Job Pearsall's..."

April 18, 1756: Battle of Great Cacapon (Mercer's massacre]. In the largest engagement with French and Indian forces in Virginia, Lt. John Fenton Mercer and Ensign Thomas Carter and fifteen soldiers were killed.

April 22,1756: Colonel Washington writes of Mr. Paris having engaged small band of Indians on North River; Washington sent men to reinforce the contingent at Edwards.

May 2, 1756: In a court martial at Winchester, Sergeant Nathan Lewis is charged with and found guilty of retreating before the enemy and not aiding Captain Mercer during the battle of April 18th.

May 11, 1756: Colonel Washington orders ninety men plus officers to Fort Pearsall on the South Branch.

May 18, 1756:England formally declares war on France; it is known as the Seven Years War in Europe and the French and Indian War in America.

July 1756:July 1756 Lord Loudoun arrives in New York as Commander of British forces in North America.

1756:Andrew Lewis in expedition against Indians attacking area of New and Kanawah Rivers crosses corner of Kentucky and reaches the Ohio - the first English speaking man to reach the Ohio below Pittsburgh.

July 10, 1756:Col. Washington holds Council of War at Fort Cumberland to discuss the chain of forts that is to be built from the Maryland-Virginia border to the Virginia-North Carolina border. It is hoped that this chain of forts will protect the settlers from the ravages of the French and their Indian allies.

July 13, 1756:Capt. Robert McKenzie is ordered to take command at Fort Pearsall. [Because McKenzie commanded this fort for some time, it mistakenly is sometimes referred to as "McKenzie's Fort."

August 1756: General Montcalm captures Fort Oswego giving France control of Lake Ontario.

January 21, 1757:Robert Roger is wounded and almost captured in the Battle on Snowshoes; he loses 14 men killed and seven take prisoner.

June 1757:William Pitt becomes Prime Minister of England. He plans for the capture of the three most important French forts in North America: Louisbourg, Carillon (Ticonderoga) and Duquesne.

July 26, 1757:Gen. Montcalm's men destroy much of the New Jersey Regiment at Battle of Sabbath Day Point on Lake George, New York.

August 1, 1757:Capt. McKenzie wrote to George Washington that five men were captured by Indians and another killed while harvesting near Fort Pearsall.

August 9, 1757:Col. Munro surrenders Fort William Henry to Montcalm.

January 12, 1758:Governor Dinwiddie sails for England and retirement.

June 30, 1758:Washington visits Pearsall's on his way to join General Forbes for the expedition against Fort Desquene.

July 8, 1758:General Abercrombie suffers a humiliating defeat in his attack on General Montcalm at Fort Carillon.

July 24, 1758:Although he is away on a military campaign, George Washington wins election to the House of Burgesses from Frederick County. This is the start of his political career.

July 27, 1758:Jeffery Amherst and James Wolfe capture Louisburg.

August 1758:Lt. Col. Bradstreet captures the French Fort Frontenac on Lake Ontario.

October 12-13, 1758:French force attacks General Forbes's army at Fort Ligonier and is repulsed. This will not stop the slow but determined advance of the British toward Fort Duquesne.

November 25, 1758:French abandon and burn Fort Duquesne; General Forbes arrives November 28.

December 1758:Colonel George Washington resigns his commission and retires to Mount Vernon awaiting his January wedding to Martha Dandridge.