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Ancestry of Mallt

GWAWL VERCH COEL HEN (daughter of King Cole)was born about 388 in Wales (daughter of King Coel) She married in North Wales to Cunedda Wledig "Imperator" Ap Edern who was born 386 in Cardigan, Wales. She married CUNEDDA WLEDIG "IMPERATOR" APEDERN who was born born abt. 380 in Manaw Gododdin, Scotland, 1st native ruler of Cyrury after the Romans left in 410. Cunedda, the Atavus of Maelgwn Gwyneed came with at least 8 sons and maybe up to 12 and one grandson from Manaw Gododdin and drove the irish out of Gwynedd. The only place where Cunedda's own name is found is in Allt Cunedda near Cydweli, considered amoung the found-fathers of the Welsh Nation. Cunedda's family had been important in Scotland for generations. His fathers name was Edern, His grandfather was Padarn Peisrudd and his great grandfather Tegid. Cunedda gave his sons Latin names. Called Gwledig, or Over-King, the perpetuator of the command and authority of the Dux Britanniarum. He was the first native ruler of the Cymry after the retirement of the Romans in 410. His power extended from Carlisle to Wearmouth, his court being held at the former place. His retinue consisted of 900 horses, and he wore the golden belt and other insignia of the office of Over-King. He was a fervent Catholic and converted his subjects to Christianity; his descendants were, many of them, ecclesiastics, who organised the Church in his Kingdom. Cunedda Wledig (or Cunedag) hailed from Manau Gododdin, a sub-division of the greater Kingdom of Gododdin (Lothian) in modern Scotland. His capital may have been in the Clackmannan region. His father, grandfather and great grandfather bore Roman names and were probably confederate allies of the Roman Administration living just north of Hadrian's Wall. The appendage to Paternus' name is particularly telling. Like many prominent men of his era, Cunedda claimed descent from Beli Mawr, the Celtic Sun-God, through his son, Lludd Llaw Ereint, God of Healing and grandson, Afallach, God of the Underworld. Excerts from "The Flame-Bearers Of Welsh History" That man is Cunedda the First, or Cunedda the Great, for great he must have been. The oldest piece of literature we have is the poem in which his bard bewails his death, singing of his might and his conquest of Bernicia, when he captured the great Southern Wall, and so made himself King of Upper Britain. It is likely he was a Pict. But it must be remembered that up there, between the Walls, a Pict might be either an Ivernian, or a Goidel, or a Brython, so far as race went. It only meant that he belonged to the free tribes from beyond the Northern Wall, some of which still practised tattooing.

The old province between the Walls had become alive with little states, homes of raiders and killers. The Picts of Galloway had marked themselves off from the rest. The Picts of Manau of the Gododin (meaning the Southern Shore of the Forth) were leaders of hordes from the wilderness behind them. The sea rovers had fortified the island of Inchkeith in the Forth. Whichever way the Latin looked, with his face turned north or west from the watchtowers of Carlisle, there the gleam of weapons flashed across the land by day, and the glare of burnings reddened the clouds of night. There is small doubt but that it was out of the gleam and the glare that Cunedda came to the throne as king, seizing the office of the old Duke of Britain. The greater the danger is, the greater the joy of shattering it. The more terrible the threatening of fate, the sweeter the pleasure of defeating it. It was by mastering all the ferocious hordes of the invaders that Cunedda could capture and keep the power. Doubtless he was come of the blood of their own ancient kings, either Brython or Goidel, but he seized the Roman office too, and thereby stepped into the history of the world. He lived in the same time with that of Vortigern of Projecting Lips, who was driven from his throne in the south. But while the one was losing his throne, the other was settling himself so firmly in the land that his blood was never to be extinguished in it again. Thus, Cunedda seized the office of Dux Britanniarum, or Duke of Britain. Thus he kept it, having his royal court at Carlisle on the Southern Wall, and his sons keeping his frontiers. All the old splendour of the Ruler of Britain was seen again. He wore the golden belt of the office, and had the old plume of feathers carried before him when he walked. The old retinue of nine hundred horse went with him when he rode, and the old red golden dragon was borne above him when he went to war, as the silver dragon went with the Count of Britain in the South. And when you see the Red Dragon Rampant, on a green ground, remember that an ancient poem, written a century after Cunedda's death, speaks of the green standard of his descendants. Cunedda, then, was the second of the flame-bearers. Excerts from "Land Of My Fathers" by Gwynfor Evans.

It may have been because of the danger that the Irish might take over the country that Cunedda moved down around 300-400 AD from Manaw Gododdin, near Stirling in Scotland; perhaps indeed he was directed to Wales for this purpose as one of the Dukes of Britain. Cunedda and his army probably came by sea, for it was very difficult to travel through Lancashire with its bogs, forests and large rivers. According to the history given by Nennius, it was the coming of Cunedda with his eight sons and grandson at the turn of the fourth century which was the most important event in the formation of Wales since the first century. Assuming that Nennius was correct, it is the memory of the sons-including Ceredig and Edern, and the grandson Meirion-which still lives in the names of districts; but the only place where Cunedda's own name is found is in Allt Cunedda near Cydweli. The family of Gwynedd, the principal royal line of Wales, claimed descent from Cunedda through Maelgwn Gwynedd, his great grandson, down to Prince Dafydd who was executed in Shrewsbury in 1283 - a pedigree of more than seven centuries. It is Cunedda Wledig, a Brython of Pictish descent, who came to Wales from Scotland, who is mainly responsible for the Welshness of Wales. His family had been important in Scotland for generations: his father's name was Edern, his grandfather was Padarn Peisrudd, and his great-grandfather Tegid. The Latin forms of the names-Eternus, Paternus, Tacitus - suggest Roman associations, and this is made clearer by the word Peisrudd in the grandfather's name, the pais rudd or red cloak showing Roman office.

Cunedda gave his sons Latin names. It is possible that he was called upon to defend Wales by Mascen or by the able Roman general Stilicho, was was reorganising the defence of England about this time. Like thier father, two of Cunedda's sons and his grandson had Christian names. It can reasonably be deduced from this that Cunedda was a Christian. This could have been an additional inducement for sending him to Wales where his coming marks the opening of the early Middle Ages. He must have been an able solider and leader to have been able to organise a successful invasion and settlement from so far away, and to establish foundations which remained strong for so many centuries. Gwawl and Cunedda are the parents of:

GWEN VERCHCUNEDDA born about 424 in Wales, She married AMLAWDD WLEDIG APCYNWAL who was born 410 and had:

TYWANWEDD VERCHAMLAWDD was born 450, she married LLYR MERENI APEINION who was born about 428 in Wales and had:

CARADOC FREICHFAS APLLYR was born 484, He married TEGAU EURFRON VERCHPELLINOR who was born 500 and had:

Gwgon Gleddyfrudd APCARADOC Birth:530 Death:617 married UNKNOWN and had:

Glannog APGWGON Birth:570 married UNKNOWN and had:

Helilg Foel APGLANNOG Birth:610 married UNKNOWN and had:

Rhychwin Farfog APHELIG Birth:650 married UNKNOWN and had:

Cynwas APRHYCHWIN Birth:690 married UNKNOWN and had:

Garonnog Glewddigar APCYNWAS Birth:730 married UNKNOWN and had:

Geraint APGARONNOG Birth:770 married UNKNOWN and had:

Gwyddno APGERAINT Birth:800 married UNKNOWN and had:

Sandde APGWYDDNO Birth:830 married UNKNOWN and had:

Pyll APSANDDE Birth:860 married UNKNOWN and had:

Einydd Bach APPYLL Birth:890 married UNKNOWN and had:

Ednowain APEINYDD Birth:ABT. 913 in Wales married UNKNOWN and had:

Seisyll APEDNYWAIN Birth:ABT. 938 in Wales. He married Prawst Verchelise born about 940 in Gwynedd, Wales and had:

Llywelyn APSEISYLLT Birth:ABT. 980 in Rhuddlan, Flintshire, Wales. Death:1023. He married Angharad Verchmaredudd who was born about 982 in Deheubarth, Wales and had:

Gruffydd APLLEWELYN Birth:ABT. 1011 in Rhuddland, Flintshire, Wales. Death:5 AUG 1063 in Wales married Ealdgyth "Swan Neck" of Mercia, Queen of England who was born about 1034 and had:

Nest VERCHGRUFFYDDBirth:ABT. 1059 in Rhuddlan, Flintshire, Wales. She married Trahaearn Apcaradog who was born about 1030 in Arwystli, Montgomeryshire, Wales and had:

Llywarch APTRAHAERN Birth:1065 in Arwystli, Montgomeryshire, Wales. Death:1128 in North Wales married Dyddgu Verchiowerth who was born 1060 in Radnorshire, Wales and had:

Gwladus VERCHLLYWARCH Birth:ABT. 1098 in Arwystli, Montgomeryshire, Wales. She married Owain Gwynedd Apgruffydd Prince of Gwynedd who was born about 1087 in Caernarvonshire, Wales and died 1170, prince of North Wales (1137-70). During the troubled reign of King Stephen of England, Owain and other Welsh princes were able to reoccupy much territory earlier wrested from them by the Anglo-Normans. Henry II of England invaded North Wales in 1157 and, though his expedition was a military failure, compelled Owain to do homage. In 1165, however, Owain inspired a general Welsh revolt, and the English army that attempted to quell it was forced to turn back because of bad weather and short supplies. Owain continued to expand his possessions and enjoyed independence until his death. Gwladus and Owain are the parents of:

Iorweth Drwyndwn "Broken" APOWAIN , Prince of Gwynedd Birth:1125 in Aberffraw Castle, Angelsey, Wales. Death:1184 in Pennant Mehangell married Marared Verchmadoc of Powys who was born about 1134 in Montgomeryshire, Wales and had:

Llewelyn Fawr II AP IORWERTH The Great Ruler of All Wales Birth:1173 in Aberffraw Castle, Caenavonshire, Wales. Death:11 APR 1240 in Aberconwy, Arllechwedd Isaf, Caernarvonshire, Wales. Burial:Aberconwy Abbey, Gwynedd, Wales. Welsh prince; grandson of Owain Gwynedd. He married Tanhwystl Verchllywarch who was aborn about 1168 in Rhos, Denbighshire, Wales. He first proved his capacity by wresting (1194) N Wales from his uncle David I and by taking (1199) the border fortress of Mold from the English. He was at first on good terms with King John of England (whose illegitimate daughter Joan he married in 1206), but after 1210 he was attacked by the English king. He became a powerful ally of the English barons in their revolt against John, and his rights and those of the Welsh were recognized in the Magna Carta (1215)the most famous document of British constitutional history, issued by King John at Runnymede under compulsion from the barons and the church in June, 1215.\par Thereafter he set about establishing his power and destroying Norman castles in S Wales. Though he did homage (1218) to John's successor, Henry III, Llywelyn continued fighting against the English until 1234. Llywelyn's munificent patronage of the bards brought a renaissance of Welsh letters. He was an able soldier, a generous supporter of the church, and, above all, a zealous fighter for national unity. He was succeeded by his son David II. In Gwynedd, Llywelyn ap Iorwerth had come to power in the classic way of Welsh princes bedeviled by the dividing rule of Welsh inheritance - he seized it from his uncle. He proved to be the greatest and most constructive Welsh statesman of the Middle Ages. In his long career he succeeded, by constant warfare, by tactful yielding under pressure and by masterly resilience the moment that pressure was relieved, in bringing under his control most of Pura Wallia. When he died in 1240, full of honor and glory, he left a principality which had the possibility of expanding into a truly national state of Wales. There was a moment when an independent Wales seemed about to become a reality. Llywelyn deliberately set out on a policy of reconstructing the whole basis of Welsh political life, and not every Welshman was happy about it. Llywelyn lived in an age which saw the emergence of the centralized feudal state. Both France and England presented the spectacle of societies elaborating their administrative machinery, putting their taxation on a new and sounder footing and systematizing their codes of justice, but Llywelyn's principality was small and lacking resources. Hostile English observers could wax satirical about its pretensions to international status. Gwynedd had always been the core of the power of the princes, and the expansion of Llywelyn's territory gave him the ability to do many things beyond the power of previous Welsh rulers. We find Llywelyn ap Iorwerth (the Great) and Llywelyn ap Gruffydd (the Last) developing castle building on a considerable scale. The remains of Castell y Bere or of Ewloe, Dolbadarn and Dolwyddelan even show distinctive Welsh style. The princes gave charters to the small towns growing in their domains. They supported the abbeys and the friaries. We sense a new Wales coming into being, and, at the moment, it was basically an independent Wales. The great question was, would this new Wales be able to develop to its full potential without interference from without or protests from within? Looming over it was the king of England. For over all this hung the vexing yet vital question of the exact terms of Llywelyn's homage to the king. The king was always acknowledged as being at the head of the pyramid and by the 13th century Welsh rulers also accepted the principle that homage should be paid to the King of England. Hywel Dda had done do, far back in the 10th century, and both Owain Gwynedd and the Lord Rhys had done homage to Henry II. The problem was that Llywelyn claimed that the status in relation to the King of England was the same enjoyed by the King of Scotland - that barons were to pay their homage directly to him and not the king, but King John took a different view. He felt that the barons should also do their homage to him. This gave him the right of continual interference in Welsh affairs. At times the relationship between Llywelyn and the king were mutually supportive, in part because Llywelyn managed to marry Joan, the illegitimate daughter of King John, in 1205. But even this family tie soon broke down over the question of homage and disputed territories. When the Welsh princes were strong they could enforce a grudging acknowledgement of their position from the king. When they were weak, the king granted treaties firmly maintaining his view of homage. Llywelyn the Great had sought to solve the problem before his death. He had two sons, Gruffydd by a Welsh lady and the younger, David, by his wife Joan. Welsh law at the time said that both sons should inherit - a law which had been the cause of so many of those disputed successions which had brought ruin to Wales in the past. Llywelyn made a bold and successful attempt to put this dangerous Welsh law aside in favor of the English system, and finally got the consent of King Henry III - or his advisors - to agree to the succession of David as his sole heir. Then, shortly before his death, he called all the princes of Wales together at Strata Florida Abbey in 1238 and made them swear allegiance to David. Henry III allowed him to succeed, but refused David the direct homage of the barons, eventually leading to war between the king and the new Welsh prince. David and his forces had no change against Henry's large army and withdrew. David died childless shortly thereafter, and it would be up to Llywelyn's grandson, Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, to assert Wales' independence once again. Wales - A History, Wynford Vaughan-Thomas, Michael Joseph Ltd. Publishing, London WC1, 1985. Llewelyn and Tanhwystl are the parents of:

Gruffudd APLLEWELYN , Lord of Lleyn Birth: ABT. 1207 in Caernarvonshire, England. Death:1 MAR 1243/44 in Murdered--Tower of London, England. Burial:Aberconwy, Gwynedd, Wales. He married Senena. He succeeded (1246) his uncle, David II, as ruler of North Wales and in 1247, with his brother Owen as coruler, did homage to Henry III of England, surrendering to him a large part of their territory. In 1256, having overthrown Owen, he launched a campaign to recover his lands. He soon won the allegiance of other Welsh princes and by 1263 controlled much of Wales. He was in the Baron's war of 1263-67 between King Henry III and his barons. In 1261, Henry III renounced the Provisions of Oxford (1258) and the Provisions of Westminster (1259), which had vested considerable power in a council of barons, and reasserted his right to appoint councilors. The barons led by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, finally resorted to arms in 1263 and forced the king to reaffirm his adherence to the Provisions. In 1264 a decision in favor of the crown by Louis IX of France as arbitrator led to a renewal of war, but Montfort defeated Henry's forces in the battle of Lewes, and the king once again submitted to government by council. Early in 1265, Montfort summoned his famous representative Parliament to strengthen his position, which was threatened by the possibility of an invasion by Henry's adherents abroad. The invasion did not take place, but an uprising against Montfort of the Welsh "Marchers (Englishmen along the Welsh border) led to his defeat by the king's son (later Edward I) at Evesham. Montfort was killed in the battle, but some baronial resistance continued until 1267. The barons had failed to establish their own control over the crown, but they had helped prepare the way for the constitutional developments of the reign of Edward I. In the Baron's War he was allied with Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, against Henry III. Montfort's downfall did not check Llywelyn's rise; by the Treaty of Montgomery (1267) he was recognized as prince of Wales-the first official English use of that title, although Llywelyn had assumed it in 1258. On the accession (1272) of Edward I, Llywelyn refused homage to the English king. In the English invasion of 1276 he lost all but a small portion of North Wales and submitted to Edward by the Treaty of Conway (1277). He was killed in a second rebellion in 1282. Llywelyn was the last independent ruler of Wales. His name also appears as Llewelyn ap Griffith. From the Cadw Guidebook for Dolbadarn Castle Imprisonment or exile was not an infrequent fate of those members of the royal house of Gwynedd who were seen as a threat to the authority of its ruler. Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (d.1244), the illegitimate son of Llywelyn ap Iorwerth and Owain Goch's father, spent much of his life in prison and was eventually to die whilst attempting to escape from incarceration. Gruffydd was born sometime before Llywelyn's marriage to Princess Joan. The first historical reference to him is as one of the hostages his father had to hand over to John, following Llywelyn's defeat by the English king in 1211. Gruffydd was to remain a prisoner until 1215. Despite subsequently being granted land by his father, Gruffydd was to prove troublesome, and he was seen as a threat to Dafydd's clear path as Llywelyn's successor. Llywelyn chose to imprison him in Degannwy Castle from 1228 until 1234. In 1239, towards the end of their father's life, Dafydd confined both Gruffydd and his son Owain Goch in Criccieth Castle. In 1241, Dafydd suffered a humiliating defeat at the hands of King Henry III, and as one of the terms of the resulting settlement he was forced to hand over Gruffydd. The unlucky prince was to spend his last three years as a prisoner at the Tower of London, where he fell to his death in an attempted escape in 1244 (depicted in a medieval manuscript at right). Despite his seemingly bad luck, Gruffydd's son Llywelyn, was later successful in reuniting much of Wales under his rule, earning unprecedented recognition as "Prince of Wales" from Henry III under the terms of the Treaty of Montgomery in 1267. Gruffudd and Senena had:

Llywelyn III APLLEWELYN "The Last" Prince of Wales Death December 11, 1282 Killed in Battle--Builth, Powys, Wales. He married Eleanor Montfort who was born 1252 in Kenilworth, Warwickshire, England and is athe daughatear of Simon De Montfort and Princess Eleanor Plantagenent. He was Prince of Wales: 1246-1282. He ruled Gwynedd and Wales, through defeating his brothers Owain and Dafydd on the field, and imprisoning Owain for prolonged periods. He intermittently came to terms with and fought Dafydd, who - when opposed to his brother - even allied himself with the English crown. "And the king granted that the prince should receive the homage of the barons of Wales, and that the barons should maintain themselves and their followers wholly under the prince, and that there should be princes of Wales from that time forth, and that they should be so named." (Brut y Tywcysogyon, "Chronicle of the Princes", in The Oxford Illustrated History of the British Monarchy, by J. Cannon & R. Griffiths, 1988) In 1247, Henry III confined Llywelyn and his elder brother Owain to "Lesser" Gwynedd, west of the Conwy. But by 1255 Llywelyn had defeated his brothers and re-created Llywelyn "the Great's" dominion. In 1256 he extended his rule to "greater" Gwynedd, east of the Conwy, and he exploited (from 1257) English disunity and marcher rivalries to overrun other lordships and raid as far as Gwent, Glamorgan, and Dyfed. Most Welsh lords submitted to him and recognized him as their overlord (1258); Llywelyn took the title of Prince of Wales and concluded an alliance with the Scottish nobles. (The Oxford Illustrated History of the British Monarchy, by J. Cannon & R. Griffiths, 1988) Aside from enemies in England and the march, Llywelyn's actions aroused serious misgivings in the Welsh Church and among his brother David's friends. David deserted Llywelyn (1274), against whom there was an assassination plot in Powys. Llywelyn also misjudged the new king, Edward I, refusing to fulfil his obligations as a vassal. The war of 1276-1277 was a disaster: the peace of Aberconwy left Llywelyn with only "Lesser" Gwynedd and overlordship of only 5 Welsh lords, even though he kept the title of Prince of Wales. Thereafter, he was more circumspect, though disputes did arise with Edward I, notably about the use of English or Welsh law in the prince's lands. (The Oxford Illustrated History of the British Monarchy, by J. Cannon & R. Griffiths, 1988). and Eleanor are the parents of:

Mallt/Maill Verchllewelyn she married LLEWELYN AP HOWELL GAM Prince of Wales and had:

SIR DAFYYD DAVID "SQUINT EYED" GAM was born in Wales and died October 25, 1415 in France. We are from the line of David Gam who was killed at battle of Aggencourt fighting for Henry V. His units actions got him knighted although he died of his wounds. He was born approx. 1385 is from a line of Welch Royalty. David died at Battle of Agincourt, France, Oct. 25, 1415. ("GAM" is a nickname which like other Welsh nicknames, is the equivalent of a surname. 'Gam' means squinting.) David is said to have married, Gwenllian, daughter of Gwilyn, son of Hywel Grach. Davids daughter, Gwladus, by her second husband, Sir William ab Thomas of Hagan, was the mother of William, the first Herbert, earl of Pembroke. He married GWENLLIAN and had the following children:

MORGAN GAM was born about 1435 in Wales and married TANGLWYST and had:

JEUAN or EDWARD GAM married ANN LLOYD and had:

MORGAN GAM married GWLADIS BLOET/BLEWET daughter of Morgan Blewst and Unknown Brushill and had:

SIR JOHN GAM married MARGARET GWALTER daughter of Thomas Gwalter Ap Jenkin Havard and had:

EDWARD GAMES of Newton died 1564 married ELIZABETH VAUGHAN and had:

JOHN GAMES born 1559 in Newton and died 1606 in Wales. He married ELIZABETH GAMES daughter of Meredith Games and Gwenllian Gwyn and they had:

EDWARD GAMES was born in Newton and married BRIDGET VAUGHN the daughter of Walter Vaughan and had the following children:

THOMAS GAMES or GAINES was born between 1585 and 1600 in Brecon, Wales and died about 1640 in Virginia. He married BLANCH KEMIS about 1620 in Virginia. Blanch is the daughter of Hary Kemis and was born about 1590 in Virginia. Thomas Gaines and Blanch Kemis had the following child:

ROBERT GAINES was born about 1622. He died before 1705 in Virginia. He married UNKNOWN and had the following child:

RICHARD GAINES was born aboaut 1690 in Virginia and married DOROTHY and had the following child:

HEIROME "HENRY" GAINES was born about 1730 in Albemarle Co., VA and died after 1774. Henry is listed as being a foot soldier in Culpepper County Virginia the year of 1756 in the book Virginia Colonial Soldiers. He married MARGARET TALIAFERRO the daughter of Robert Taliaferro IV and Unknown. His father Robert III married Margaret Buckner. Henry Gaines and Margaret Taliaferro and had the following child:

ANN GAINES married about 1766 possibly in Albemarle County, Virginia to JAMES DAVID NIMMO in Virginia. James David was born between 1745 and 1750 in Warwick, Virginia and died after 1806. He is the son of John Nimmo II born 1715 in Scotland who married 1735 in Kent County, Maryland to Jane Ann Green born 1714 in Scotland. The grandson of John Nimmo born 1689 in Scotland. Ann Gaines and James David Nimmo are the parents of:

JOHN ROBERT NIMMO was born 1760 in Virginia and died in Sumner County, Tennessee. He married ELIZABETH JANE ORR March 19, 1781 in Amherst County, Virginia. She also died in Sumner County, Tennessee. They are the parents of:

MARY ELIZABETH NIMMO was born 1800 in Sumner County, Tennessee and died between 1870/80 in Ohio County, Kentucky. She married THOMAS CROWDER on September 18, 1816 Sumner County. He is the son of William and ELizabeth Crowder and was born 1796 in Virginia and died 1849 in Ohio County, Kentucky. Mary Elizabeth Nimmo and Thomas Crowder are the parents of:

LUCINDA CROWDER born 1817 in Sumner County, Tennessee and died in Ohio County, Kentucky, married MOSES DAUGHERTY.