Royal Duncan Family of Scotland
Duncan I, the Gracious, King of Scotland was born 1001 in Atholl, Perth, Scotland and died August 14, 1040 in Iona, near Elgin. At some stage he had inherited the kingship of Strathclyde and was the last monarch to be called 'King of Strathclyde'. This kingship was probably subject to the king of Scotia from the early tenth century. He attacked Durham in 1039 on a looting expedition but was beaten off with heavy losses. Two rivals for the throne were Thorfinn and Macbeth. After being defeated twice by Thorfinn he was defeated and killed by Macbeth who succeeded to the throne. Ascended 1034. First King in the House of Dunkeld. Buried on Isle of Iona. Duncan I married in 1030 in Scotland to Aelflaed (Sibyl Fitziward) of Northumbria the daughter of Siward Bjornsson and Aelflaed of Bernica. Duncan I King of Scotland was made popular by William Shakespeare in his famous tragedy "Macbeth".
The Scottish King Duncan had two sons: Malcolm and Donalbain. His reign was not a peaceful one, as there was a secret plot to overthrow him and, led by the treacherous Thane of Cawdor and the King of Norway. Realizing that he had been betrayed, Duncan called upon his loyal friend Macbeth and his close friend Banquo to defend him. Both were professional soldiers who fought valiantly on the side of King Duncan. Indeed, most men felt that without Macbeth in particular, Duncan's cause would have been lost. So under Macbeth's leadership, Duncan's army was victorious.
Macbeth and Banquo return from a battle and unexpectedly meet the Three Weird Sisters (witches) who make four predictions (Macbeth would be Thane of Glamis and Cawdor and eventually King; and that Banquo's sons would be kings). Cawdor is executed for rebelling against the king and so Macbeth gets the traitor's title. Stimulated by the prophecy and spurred on by Lady Macbeth murders Duncan, whose sons Malcolm and Donalbain escape.
Macbeth becomes king and his Lady Macbeth goes mad. Duncan's son Malcolm lived in exile until 1057, when he defeated and killed Macbeth near Lumphanan in Aberdeenshire. He succeeded to the throne in 1058 after the death of Lulach, Macbeth's stepson.
Malcolm III, Caennmor, King of Scotland was born 1031 in Atholl, Perth, Scotland and died November 13, 1093 in Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, England. Asceeded April 25, 1058, Scone Abbey, Perthshire, Scotland. He was married 1068 in Dunferline Abbey, Atholl, Perth Scotland to \fs28 Saint\fs24 \fs28 Margaret "Atheling" Princess Of England and Queen of Scotland between 1067 and 1069 in Of, Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland. She was born 1045 in Hungary and is the daughter of Edward Atheling The Exile King of England who was born before 1016 in Wessex and died 1057 in London and of Agatha (daughter of Henry II Emperor) born 1025 and married her father in London. Malcolm III King of Scotland slew MacBeth who had murdered his father . Malcolm III died with his son, Edward, on November 13, 1093 in Alnwick, Northumberland, England. He is buried in Holy Trinity Church, Dumferline, Fifeshire, Scotland. His wife St. Margaret Aethling is said to have died of grief on November 16, 1093 at Edinburgh Castle, Scotland. She is buried in Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland. Malcolm III was crowned at Scone, ten miles north of what became Cash about a century later. In 1057, MacDuff, 1st Earl of Fife, undoubtedly seated him on the inaugural stone, that ancient symbol of Celtic Kingship used in Eire for centuries, and brought to Scotia with our Dalriadain Scots in 464. From then on, Earls of Fife placed succeeding Kings on the sacred "Stone of Scone", as one of the hereditary privileges granted them in perpetuity by Malcolm III.
Feudalism came into royal favor as a way of life and government under Malcolm III in 1057. It is said that Margaret, his Queen, had favored it and urged him to foster and extend it. Simply, it was mainly the granting of Crown lands to overlords who were loyal to the King, then allowing them to govern their territories so long as they adhered to the Kings policies. In the case of large private holdings, the owner was brought into closer fealty to the King, joined in the councils, perhaps granted the title of Earl.
People would band together around the chief landholder, whether he held possession by Royal Charter, lease, or mere 'sword right'. Thus, the Clans of Scotland were born. The word means 'children' ... clustered about their leader, regarding him as chieftain, defender, counselor and father figure -- Clan MacDuff, Clan MacIntosh, Clan MacCash, etc. Sometimes clan fought clan on matters of boundary or principle. Occasionally an unworthy Chief might be slain and replaced by his Clan. The Kings government was remote and distant; often his occasional emissaries were not too efficient, or their influence disruptive to local life and custom. Therefore, the Clan system proved ideal by having at hand a local leader who could act in disputes, give counsel, or lead in defense if necessary. This fostered the "Spirit of the Clan"; it developed in the Scotland Highlands a "Clanship" that became a great social force, unlike the tribalism that destroyed itself in so many countries, notably Ireland. The Clans have survived centuries of the invasions of Scotland.
Malcolm III founded the House of Canmore, which ruled Scotland for more than 200 years, and consolidated the power of the Scottish monarchy. He was the son of Duncan I, who in 1040 was killed by MACBETH. Malcolm lived in exile until 1057, when he defeated and killed Macbeth near Lumphanan in Aberdeenshire. He succeeded to the throne in 1058 after the death of Lulach, Macbeth's stepson. Malcolm's second wife was Margaret (later canonized as MARGARET OF SCOTLAND) of the English royal house of Wessex, who fled to Scotland after the Norman conquest (1066) of England. She introduced a powerful English influence in Scotland. Malcolm invaded England many times, after 1068 supporting the claim of his brother-in-law Edgar Atheling to the English throne. In 1072, however, he was forced to pay homage to William I, and in 1091, to William II. He was finally defeated and killed by Norman forces at Alnwick. He was succeeded briefly by his brother Donald Bane and then by his son Duncan II. Three other sons also succeeded to the throne--Edgar (r. 1097-1107), Alexander I (r. 1107-24), and DAVID I (r. 1124-53).
Malcolm III's wife Saint Margaret was said to have been beautiful in person and in character, for she captivated Malcolm at once and inspired in him a lifelong devotion. She was certainly devout, civilized and strong-minded. For her charity, humanity and asceticism, and for her services to the Church, she was canonized in 1251, but she was popularly regarded as a saint in her own lifetime. She is credited with the introduction of English (Roman) usages into the Scottish church. The daughter of Edward the Exile, an English prince, she fled to Scotland after the Norman Conquest and married (c.1070) Malcolm. Noted for her piety and charity, she was canonized in 1250. Feast day: Nov. 16 (formerly June 10).