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Malcolm III King of Scotland

Malcolm III King of Scotland slew MacBeth who had murdered his father . Malcolm III died with his son, Edward, on November 13, 1093 in Alnwick, Northumberland, England. He is buried in Holy Trinity Church, Dumferline, Fifeshire, Scotland. His wife St. Margaret Aethling is said to have died of grief on November 16, 1093 at Edinburgh Castle, Scotland. She is buried in Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland. Malcolm III was crowned at Scone, ten miles north of what became Cash about a century later. In 1057, MacDuff, 1st Earl of Fife, undoubtedly seated him on the inaugural stone, that ancient symbol of Celtic Kingship used in Eire for centuries, and brought to Scotia with our Dalriadain Scots in 464. From then on, Earls of Fife placed succeeding Kings on the sacred "Stone of Scone", as one of the hereditary privileges granted them in perpetuity by Malcolm III.

Feudalism came into royal favor as a way of life and government under Malcolm III in 1057. It is said that Margaret, his Queen, had favored it and urged him to foster and extend it. Simply, it was mainly the granting of Crown lands to overlords who were loyal to the King, then allowing them to govern their territories so long as they adhered to the Kings policies. In the case of large private holdings, the owner was brought into closer fealty to the King, joined in the councils, perhaps granted the title of Earl. People would band together around the chief landholder, whether he held possession by Royal Charter, lease, or mere 'sword right'. Thus, the Clans of Scotland were born. The word means 'children' ... clustered about their leader, regarding him as chieftain, defender, counselor and father figure -- Clan MacDuff, Clan MacIntosh, Clan MacCash, etc. Sometimes clan fought clan on matters of boundary or principle. Occasionally an unworthy Chief might be slain and replaced by his Clan. The Kings government was remote and distant; often his occasional emissaries were not too efficient, or their influence disruptive to local life and custom. Therefore, the Clan system proved ideal by having at hand a local leader who could act in disputes, give counsel, or lead in defense if necessary. This fostered the "Spirit of the Clan"; it developed in the Scotland Highlands a "Clanship" that became a great social force, unlike the tribalism that destroyed itself in so many countries, notably Ireland. The Clans have survived centuries of the invasions of Scotland. Malcolm III founded the house of Canmore, which ruled Scotland for more than 200 years, and consolidated the power of the Scottish monarchy.

He was the son of Duncan I, who in 1040 was killed by MACBETH. Malcolm lived in exile until 1057, when he defeated and killed Macbeth near Lumphanan in Aberdeenshire. He succeeded to the throne in 1058 after the death of Lulach, Macbeth's stepson. Malcolm's second wife was Margaret (later canonized as MARGARET OF SCOTLAND) of the English royal house of Wessex, who fled to Scotland after the Norman conquest (1066) of England. She introduced a powerful English influence in Scotland. Malcolm invaded England many times, after 1068 supporting the claim of his brother-in-law Edgar Atheling to the English throne. In 1072, however, he was forced to pay homage to William I, and in 1091, to William II. He was finally defeated and killed by Norman forces at Alnwick. He was succeeded briefly by his brother Donald Bane and then by his son Duncan II. Three other sons also succeeded to the throne--Edgar (r. 1097-1107), Alexander I (r. 1107-24), and DAVID I (r. 1124-53).

Malcolm III's wife Saint Margaret was said to have been beautiful in person and in character, for she captivated Malcolm at once and inspired in him a lifelong devotion. She was certainly devout, civilized and strong-minded. For her charity, humanity and asceticism, and for her services to the Church, she was canonized in 1251, but she was popularly regarded as a saint in her own lifetime. She is credited with the introduction of English (Roman) usages into the Scottish church. The daughter of Edward the Exile, an English prince, she fled to Scotland after the Norman Conquest and married (c.1070) Malcolm. Noted for her piety and charity, she was canonized in 1250. Feast day: Nov. 16 (formerly June 10).